Enlightenment Vitalism and its Futures

Type: 
Workshop
Audience: 
Open to the Public
Building: 
Nador u. 15
Room: 
203
Wednesday, May 23, 2018 - 2:00pm
Add to Calendar
Date: 
Wednesday, May 23, 2018 - 2:00pm to Thursday, May 24, 2018 - 1:00pm

Enlightenment vitalism and its futures

A two-day workshop organized by Tamás Demeter (Hungarian Academy of Sciences) and Charles Wolfe (IAS, CEU)

Vitalism has typically been presented as the craziest possible view in the study of life (as in Francis Crick’s rather confident pronouncement: “To those of you who may be vitalists, I would make this prophecy: what everyone believed yesterday, and you believe today, only cranks will believe tomorrow”: Crick 1966, 99). Indeed, philosophers since the Vienna Circle justifiably criticized the more recent ‘neovitalism’ as a too-strong ontological commitment to vital ‘forces’. And there is plenty of historical evidence that such a position existed (Burwick & Douglass, eds., 1992). But there has some significant scholarly ‘pushback’ against this orthodox attitude, notably pointing to the 18th century Montpellier vitalists (where the word ‘vitalism’ is first used) (Williams 2003, Reill 2005, Wolfe ed. 2008, Wolfe and Normandin eds. 2013), to the presence of a kind of vitalism in Hume and the Scottish Enlightenment (Demeter 2016, 2017), but also in the teleological focus of early German biology (Gambarotto 2017). So there are different historical forms of vitalism, including in their relation to the mainstream practice of science. The present workshop, on Enlightenment vitalism and its futures – its possible outcomes, its rejections and its appropriations – combines the more scholarly, historical approaches with more philosophical or ‘theoretical’ ones, and reflects on forms of Enlightenment vitalism and on the possible futures of such vitalisms. We return to vitalism, first with an early modern excursus into a more metaphysical kind of vitalism tending towards panpsychism in Cavendish (Santuccio), then turning to Enlightenment vitalism in France and Scotland (Wolfe and Demeter), its development in the birth of biology in Germany (Gambarotto, Pecere) and Goethe’s organismic inquiries (Zemplén), as well as in clinical biological studies in nineteenth-century France with Claude Bernard and others (Bognon-Küss). Then the workshop moves gradually into the twentieth century with the study of Lebensphilosophie (Bianco) and 'Bohemian' vitalism (Donohue), and the more specific study of what might be considered a late form of vitalism (or definitely organicism), autopoiesis (Vörös).

Program

 

May 23, Wednesday

14.00    Introduction - T. Demeter and C. Wolfe

14.15    Matter as sensitive and rational: can Cavendish help us better understand consciousness? - Marta Santuccio (CEU)

15.00    Montpellier vitalism and vital materialism - Charles Wolfe (IAS CEU)

15.45    Coffee break

16.00    Vitalisms in Enlightenment Scotland - Tamás Demeter (Hungarian Academy of Sciences)

16.45    What language game befits Life - Gabor Zemplén ( Budapest University of Technology and Economics)

 

May 24, Thursday

09:15    Scientific materialism and Lebenskraft: some provocative post-Kantian scenarios - Paolo Pecere (University of Cassino)

10:00    Teleology beyond Regrets: Revisiting Vital-Materialism and Romantic Naturphilosophie  - Andrea Gambarotto (Univerity of Louvain / IHPST)

10:45     Nutrition: vital or chemical process? Nutrition, organic chemistry and the laws of vital organization in the 19th century - Cécilia Bognon-Küss (IHPST)

11:30    Philosophy of Life: brief history of an expression - Giuseppe Bianco (EHESS)

12:15    Vitalism and the Polemical Development of Biological Communities in Bohemia and Southeastern Europe: Early 20th Century Case Studies With Lessons for Contemporary Biology - Christopher Donohue (NIH)

13:00    Only life can know life? Varela’s attempt at reconciliation between first- and third-person approaches to life - Sebastjan Vörös (University of Ljublana)