Studies of science and empire in the Habsburg, Ottoman and Russian realms during the eighteenth century
A workshop at the Institute for Advanced Study, Central European University
19-20 May, 2016
1051 Budapest, Október 6. u. 7. / Room 102
Institute for Advanced Study, CEU
Nadia Al-Bagdadi, Department of History/Institute for Advanced Study, Central European University
Ahmet Bilaloglu, Department of History, Central European University
David Do Paço, Sciences Po
Clare Griffin, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science
Jan Hennings, Department of History, Central European University
Marianne Klemun, Department of History, University of Vienna
László Kontler, Department of History, Central European University
Ildikó Sz. Kristóf, Institute of Ethnology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Harun Küçük, Department of History and Sociology of Science, University of Pennsylvania
Ádám Mézes, Department of History, Central European University
Katalin Pataki, Department of History, Central European University
Teodora Daniela Sechel, Centre for Southeast European History, University of Graz
Miri Shefer-Mossensohn, Department of Middle Eastern and African History, Tel Aviv University
Zsolt Török, Department of Geography and Geoinformatics, Eötvös Loránd University
Zsuzsanna Török, Department of History and Sociology, University of Konstanz
Madalina Veres, Institute for Advanced Study, Central European University
Simon Werrett, Department of Science and Technology Studies, University College London
The study of empires, Enlightenment and the production and circulation of scientific knowledge in the eighteenth century has yielded a respectable amount of exciting scholarship during the last three decades or so. This scholarship has predominantly focused on the reciprocities between the cultivation of scientific knowledge and the shaping of the colonial nexus in the maritime empires maintained by western European states, such as the British, French or the Spanish Empires. While almost exclusively confined to the Eurasian landmass and North Africa, the Habsburg Monarchy, and the Russian and the Ottoman empires also took an active part in the production of science on a global scale. Our workshop aims to insert the experience of these empires into "science and empire" studies more firmly than it has been hitherto achieved.
The interests of these three empires converged in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe, transforming the region into an area of intense political emulation, competition and collaboration. Moreover, in the eighteenth century, the Habsburgs, the Romanovs and the Ottomans became involved in a process of imperial transformation: a series of efforts to consolidate and improve the political, economic, cultural and social fabric of their realms. To a considerable extent, such efforts were established on the pursuit - the accumulation and systematization - of scientific knowledge, through the creation and the overhaul of institutions such as universities, imperial academies, observatories, botanical gardens and collections of minerals, and the emergence of entire new fields of knowledge directly and intimately associated with state-building projects. While much scholarly attention has already been devoted to these processes, the comparative potentials are yet to be more fully explored.
Our workshop aims at taking some steps in this direction by requesting participants to engage with questions connecting the concepts of Empire, Scientific Knowledge and Enlightenment, such as:
- How did the activities of scientists support and/or subvert imperial agendas?
- How were Central Eastern and Southeast European Empires involved in institutionalizing expert knowledge?
- What is the impact of scientific knowledge production, organization and diffusion on imperial expansion and consolidation?
- What can we learn about the production and circulation of scientific knowledge at a global scale, by examining the imperial contexts of the Habsburg Monarchy, Russia and the Ottoman Empires?
- What are some new insights that we can obtain about the transformation of the Habsburg Monarchy, the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire in the eighteenth century, by examining their role in the production of scientific knowledge?
- What were some of the main nodes producing scientific knowledge in Central and Eastern Europe and connecting these areas with global networks?
- Who were some of the main knowledge brokers in Central and Eastern Europe?
- To what extent did the processes of international emulation among the empires of the region encourage the exchange of scientific knowledge?